This page contains a link to the worksheet : Grammar Worksheet
The following is a list of grammatical structures used in English to form sentences.
For a quick review of the different parts of speech, see the document called Parts of Speech.
1) What is a phrase? “In the morning. . .”
A phrase is defined as 2 or more words that work together, but it does not have a verb.
2) What is a clause? “I am happy.”
A clause is 2 or more words that work together, and it does have a verb.
3) What is the difference between dependent and independent clauses?
Example: I am happy because I will go to the movies tonight.
independent : I am happy.
b. dependent : . . . because I will go to the movies tonight.
4) What is a sentence? “I am happy.”
There are 3 main categories of sentences.
a. simple – “I am happy.”
b. compound – “I am happy, but I am also hungry.”
c. complex – “I am happy because I met you.”
5) How do conjunctions work?
a. The underlined words above in 4, b and c, are called conjunctions.
b. The list of conjunctions used to form compound sentences is small. There are only 7.
- the list: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
c. The list of conjunctions used to form complex sentences is longer. Here is a short list:
- the list: which, that, because, if, when, who, whose, although, except, until, while. . .
Note: Some conjunctions from list C can be used as conjunctive adverbs (#6 of this document).
6) What is an adverb? There are a few kinds of adverbs, but in this section we will ONLY look at conjunctive adverbs because they are similar to conjunctions. Below is a short list:
- however, although, accordingly, also, consequently, finally, furthermore, hence, indeed, instead, meanwhile, next, similarly, still, subsequently, then, therefore, and thus.