Grammar* List 1

This page contains a link to the worksheet : Grammar Worksheet

The following is a list of grammatical structures used in English to form sentences.

For a quick review of the different parts of speech, see the document called Parts of Speech.

1) What is a phrase? “In the morning. . .”

A phrase is defined as 2 or more words that work together, but it does not have a verb.

2) What is a clause? “I am happy.”

A clause is 2 or more words that work together, and it does have a verb.

3) What is the difference between dependent and independent clauses?

Example: I am happy because I will go to the movies tonight.

independent : I am happy.

b. dependent : . . . because I will go to the movies tonight.

4) What is a sentence? “I am happy.”

There are 3 main categories of sentences.

a. simple – “I am happy.”

b. compound – “I am happy, but I am also hungry.”

c. complex – “I am happy because I met you.”

5) How do conjunctions work?

a. The underlined words above in 4, b and c, are called conjunctions.

b. The list of conjunctions used to form compound sentences is small. There are only 7.

- the list:  for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so        

c. The list of conjunctions used to form complex sentences is longer. Here is a short list:

- the list:  which, that, because, if, when, who, whose, although, except, until, while. . .

Click here to view the link for the Grammar Worksheet #1

Note: Some conjunctions from list C can be used as conjunctive adverbs (#6 of this document).

6) What is an adverb? There are a few kinds of adverbs, but in this section we will ONLY look at conjunctive adverbs because they are similar to conjunctions. Below is a short list:

- however, although, accordingly, also, consequently, finally, furthermore, hence, indeed,      instead, meanwhile, next, similarly, still, subsequently, then, therefore, and thus.